Basketball Drills On Steroids & Why The Workout Stud Turns Into A Game Dud
If youíve been around basketball for a few years, youíve probably seen this.
You have a player that looks great when going through a workout or practice. They can shoot it. They can handle it. And they have great footwork. You canít wait to see them play against somebody.
Then you canít believe your eyes. When that same player is placed in a competitive situation, they get absolutely destroyed. Some players even look like a cat trying to chase one of those lights with a red dot... in a room with 100 mirrors. Theyíre stumbling all over the place, awkwardly running into everything, and reacting a split second too late.
That is a slight exaggeration, but you know what Iím alluding to. They should be better.
While there certainly could be other reasons, one factor could be the lack of decision-making within training drills. At first, I made this mistake when preparing workouts and team practices.
This would be an example of a block practice drill that does not include decision-making.
Block practice has its purpose. However, without adding an appropriate level of challenge, players will not improve enough to be effective in actual game situations when they are competing against live defenders.
And this could be a primary reason that the workout stud / game dud player performs poorly in competitive situations. They donít have many reps under their belt with a defense present.
This is why over the last several years, Iíve added a lot of 1v1, 2v2, 3v3, 1v2, 2v1, 2v3, 3v2, and other small-sided games into our shooting workouts and team practices.
How To Put Your Basketball Drills On Steroids
When it comes to teaching skills, mentality, and decision-making, Don Kelbickís Attack & Counter System is one of my favorite systems.
After that, you can utilize the methods below to continue to improve decision-making and game performance.
There are certainly pros and cons to every type of method used below. Based on your situation, you have to figure out which methods will help you the most and how much time you want to spend on each.
I prefer to look at them as complementary methods.
Visual Cue Drills
If itís just you and the player in the gym, this is a way to include decision-making.
You can use hand signals. Here is an example of visual cues from Chris Oliver:
- Hands Down = Shot
- Hands Out = Pass
- Step Towards = Drive
- Jump to the Side = Drive and Counter
- Hands Out and Step Towards = Pass and Cut
- Hands Out on Drive = Penetrate and Kick
Cons of Visual Cue Drills:
- Less game-like
Less game-like than having an actual defender (1v1, 2v2, 3v3).
Pros of Visual Cue Drills:
- Numerous repetitions
You can get a lot of shots up in a short amount of time, similar to block practice drills. It could be a better alternative to block practice for intermediate and advanced players.
- More engagement and learning
Due to the decision-making aspect, you are engaged on every repetition, unlike block practice drills. This is true for all of the following drills as well.
- Great for conditioning
The work to rest ratio represents the game of basketball. This means you might go hard for 30 to 60 seconds, then you get to rest when youíre the rebounder or passer.
Drills With Dummy Defense
For dummy defense drills, the defender commits to an action which forces you to make a decision. Typically, you donít have a defender try to stop you. After the decision has been made, you donít play live.
The video below is an example of this. The defender over-commits to the shot or dribble penetration. The defense has no intention of stopping you.
Jim Huber explains the drill.
Here is a drill for attacking down screens:
Here are a couple of other examples.
Example 1 - The defender hedges high on a ball screen. You decide to reject the screen, or maybe you will still attack high because the defender lacks lateral movement and you want to isolate that defender.
Example 2 - On a down screen, the defender "shoots the gap." A traditional decision would be to flare cut. However, you might also have a size advantage and decide that youíre going to curl. And you might post up if you donít receive the pass immediately.
Cons of Dummy Defense Drills:
- No passing
Obviously, passing is part of the decision-making process. Also, the defender isnít playing like they would in a game situation.
Pros of Dummy Defense Drills
- Good tool for individual workouts
It can be a great tool for coaches to add decision-making within individual workouts.
- Good progression for skill development
Even in a group workout setting, it can be an ideal progression to develop confidence before live drills.
Game-Like 1v1 Drills With Rules and Constraints.
With these drills, you simulate a game-like situation and you play 1v1.
Then you can add rules and constraints.
To make the drills more challenging, you can reduce court space, reduce time, reduce dribbles, or even add second defenders if you have enough players.
In the diagram to the right, it shows you a way that you can replicate a zipper cut.
You can also move the cones to different spots to practice different cuts. You can also adjust the cones to change the timing of the close out to force different decisions. You can also do this to have the defender approach the offense from different angles.
Here is a drill to work on the speed dribble and finishing:
If youíre looking for more drills like this, you can check out 30 Competitive Skill Development Drills.
Cons of 1v1 Drills:
- Lacks passing
1v1 drills do lack some context for making decisions in a team setting because you donít pass. This is part of the reason you should include 1v1, 2v2, and even 3v3 in workouts and practices.
However, if you donít have more than two players, here is a way to add passing to a 1v1 drill. You simply give visual cues to the player a second before they catch. For example, hands above your head means to pass to you. No visual cue means to attack.
This will also train them to see the entire floor. Itís not perfect, but itís a way to add the passing element.
Pros of 1v1 Drills
- Have to improve individual skills and develops attack mentality
1v1 drills are great for improving individual offense. You have no choice but to shoot, attack, and finish. You have to improve your individual skills.
From my experience, 1v1 drills instill an attack mentality which is especially great for timid players. And Iíve never met a great player who didnít have this mentality.
Personally, itís always been easier to tame a player that is too aggressive than to get a timid player to be aggressive.
- Many reps with game-like decisions
You get a ton of reps with a defense present. In about a 15 minute workout session, you get as many reps as you do during a weekend tournament of games.
- Forces game speed and more skill development
With the proper rules constraints, it can force players to actually go at game speed. For example, reference the 1v1 speed dribbling drill. You can line up on the baseline and do traditional full court speed dribbling drills until youíre blue in the face.
However, whatís going to force you to execute a speed dribble at game speedÖ Standing on the baseline and dribbling up the court with no defense and context or putting a defender a few feet behind and playing live?
2v2 and 3v3 Drills - Small Sided Games (SSGs)
2v2, 3v3, disadvantage/advantage drills, and other variations are tremendous ways to develop skills and improve decision-making. You get a lot of repetitions with situations that very closely resemble the game.
With the inclusion of 1v1 drills, these are also called small-sided games (SSGs).
You can offer different rules and constraints to work on different parts of the game. For example,
- Possession starts with down screen.
- Possession starts with ball screen.
- No dribbles.
- 2 dribble limit.
- Possession starts with a trailing defender.
- 10 second shot clock.
You can also simulate any 1v1 drill and simply add one or two offensive and defensive players.
Here is a drill that works on attacking out of the fast break:
With 2v2, you can still get a lot of shooting repetitions while forcing decisions that involve help defense and a pass.
With 3v3, even though the reps will be fewer when compared to 1v1 and 2v2, you can simulate almost any game situation involving cuts and screens.
As you can see 1v1, 2v2, 3v3, and other variation of 1v2, 2v1, 3v2, 2v3, all have their purpose, advantages, and disadvantages.
Thatís why you should include a healthy mix of all of them.
Back in the day, you might not even need these drills for a shooting workout. Kids used to play plenty of 1v1, 2v2, 3v3, 4v4, and 5v5 on the playground or at the rec center.
However, kids are playing more and more in a structured environment almost all year round, so we need to create opportunities for this type of training because it has tremendous value.
How Much Should You Use Small-Sided Games?
Of course, it always depends on your situation and your objectives.
For team practices, you might want to spend at least 25% of your practices on small-sided games. Iíve had practices where I spent 75% of the practice on small-sided games.
If you include 4v4 and 5v5 with small-sided games, you might spend at least 50% of your practice. With some middle school teams that I coached, we spent 75% of our practice on small-sided games, 4v4, and 5v5.
Nate Sanderson is the head girlsí basketball coach at Springville High School in Iowa, and also works as the product development manager here at Breakthrough Basketball. For the past three years, his goal has been to spend 90% of his practice time playing small-sided games, 4v4, 5v5, and other variations. The majority of their individual skill development is done in 1v1 or 1v2 situations while their team segments are almost always 3v3, 4v3, 4v4, or 5v4 before playing any 5v5.
During these three seasons, his team has qualified for the state tournament each year. The Orioles finished 2nd place in 2015, then won the state championship twice in 2016 and 2017. All the while, they averaged less than 15 turnovers per game and set a school record for assists in three consecutive seasons.
If you have a workout or practice where your objective is to develop shooting technique, you will probably spend a lot of time on drills without defenders. You may only use small-sided games to break up the monotony and engage the players.
On the opposite spectrum, I had an athlete who had a very good skill set but struggled with decision-making and aggressiveness. For the next six weeks, 100% of the workouts were small-sided games. He brought in one or two other players and we just did variations of 1v1, 1v2, and 2v1 drills. We worked on shooting, ball handling, and finishing.
In conclusion, if you're looking to improve decision-making, add some small-sided games to your shooting workouts and team practices. It is not the only way to teach basketball, but it obviously has produced some great results.
Even if SSGs just produce the same results as traditional training, athletes typically enjoy SSG training more. So why not have fun while getting better! You will get more kids that actually enjoy practice and want to do more of it!
The Rest Of The Series On Shooting & Drill Adjustments
Also, if you missed out on the entire series of how to improve shooting workouts and team practices, here they are:
What do you think? Let us know by leaving your comments, suggestions, and questions...