By Joe Haefner
As you probably already know, the pick and roll has become more prevalent in today’s game of basketball. Here are some great pick and roll drills for kids to help teach this great offensive concept:
By Joe Haefner
As you probably already know, the pick and roll has become more prevalent in today’s game of basketball. Here are some great pick and roll drills for kids to help teach this great offensive concept:
By Joe Haefner
I know what you’re thinking, “Eliminate shooting drills from practice? Joe must have fell off his rocker again.” But please hear me out, because this could help the development of your youth team tremendously.
Do I think you should eliminate ALL shooting drills? Absolutely not.
Should you eliminate most? Yes! As a youth coach working with 5th graders and below (10 & 11 year olds and younger), you should NOT be spending 10 to 30 minutes on shooting every day.
Well, you’re probably thinking now… well why?!?
If you can’t dribble, beat the press, or take care of the ball long enough to even take a shot, what good does shooting and everything else do you? Nothing is worse than trying to run offense and all you do is turn it over. You are better off shooting a 20 foot runner, that way at least you have a small chance of making a basket or even more likely one of your players getting an offensive rebound near the basket and put it back up for an easy make. If you turn it over, you have zero chance to make a basket and the other team probably gets an easy one in transition.
If you watch players at games, practices, and camps, very few 3rd graders could shoot the ball as well as a 10th grader. However, if you watch them dribble the basketball, you will see a much higher percentage that can dribble the ball as proficiently as the older kids compared to shooting.
That’s because younger players can improve their ball handling at a much faster pace than they can improve their shooting.
As Bob Bigelow says, you should introduce the skills by gravity. Which means the skills that work with gravity would be the easiest and the ones that work against gravity would be the hardest. Since dribbling is completely with gravity and shooting is completely against gravity, it only makes sense that dribbling would be easier for younger kids to learn and progress.
Now, let’s say you worked on ball skills when the kids were in 3rd, 4th, and 5th grade. By the time the players reach 6th grade, they’ll be very good ball handlers. Now, you can adjust your practice priorities. You won’t have to spend as much time on ball handling and you could now allocate more time to shooting, because the players are strong enough and coordinated enough to take the instruction needed to be a good shooter. They will also improve their shooting at a much faster pace.
Well, why is shooting harder to teach to younger players and what can you do?
When it comes to younger players 5th grade and below, they usually lack the coordination and strength to consistently shoot the ball properly at a goal.
My advice would be to include some strength and coordination exercises at the beginning of every practice. Great drills for total body strength and upper-to-lower body coordination include:
Crawling is great for strength and creating coordination between your upper and lower body. You can do bear crawls, crab crawls, and inchworms. You can do them forwards, backwards, side to side, and in a circle.
Lunges and squats are great for lower body strength, mobility, and coordination. No barbell is needed.
After you get the basics of lunging and squatting, you can add pushes to improve lower-to-upper body coordination which is required to become a good shooter.
For the pushing aspect, you can simply use a basketball.
Squat with Push – You squat down, have the ball at your chest, stand up and push the ball over your head.
Squat with Out of Sync Push – You squat down and push the ball above your head, stand up and bring the ball to your chest.
Coach, if I cut out most of my shooting drills then how am I going to score points!?
Well, right now your team is probably shooting around 10% to 20%. If you work on shooting with the younger kids every practice for 20 minutes, you might improve their shooting percentage by 2%. To score more points, you’d be much better off spending 2 minutes every practice emphasizing to your players to crash the offensive boards.
So what should youth coaches do for ball handling, passing, and shooting during practice?
Don’t get me wrong, you might spend 15 minutes the first couple of practices to teach some of the shooting basics, but after that your time would be much better spent on ball handling, footwork, and passing.
Then each week, you can slowly progress them through shooting form where they eventually get to the point that they’re shooting at the basket within close range WITH PROPER FORM. Maybe you can even do some catch and shoot drills.
Also, I recommend smaller balls and lower hoops so they can shoot consistently with good form and just aren’t chucking the ball at the hoops. In baseball, we progress kids from shorter pitching mounds, shorter base paths, and shorter fences for strength and coordination reasons. But for some reason in basketball, we don’t use that same logic.
Also, here is an article that could help you decide what you should work on: http://www.breakthroughbasketball.com/coaching/teach-youth.html
Long-term planning for youth basketball
As a coach, it would help you tremendously to sit down and plan what skills you are going to focus on each year to help develop well-rounded players. By focusing on just a few things, this helps simplify your practices and helps you make big improvements in a few key areas. If you do this every year, then by the time they reach high school, they will be light years ahead of other players their age.
And of course, remember to include small-sided games and make things fun. That way, they’ll actually want to play when they’re older and won’t become one of the 80% that quit sports before the age of 13.
By Don Kelbick
Coaching jobs are hard to come by, at any level, anywhere. I feel so fortunate and honored to be selected to the staff of the Maccabi USA Open Pan American team, along with Stu Wittner, former Head Coach at Pace University and Steve Rosner, who made his name as the agent for some of the biggest names in sports. We will be competing in the Maccabi Pan American Games in Sao Paulo, Brazil from Dec. 24 to Jan 2. This is my second experience coaching internationally having coached the Miami Tropics in the first FIBA Americas League in 2006-2007.
This experience will be drastically different, though. This is a national team. We will be representing the United States.
For those that are not familiar, the Maccabi is a charitable organization and has a presence world wide. They sponsor sport competitions very similar to the Olympics. Every 4 years (the next one is in 2013) they sponsor the world wide Maccabiah Games in Israel. In the years in between, there are regional competitions, leading up to those games. This year we are competing in the Pan American Games, which includes North, South and Central America. Already completed is the Pan European Games. There are similar competitions on the other continents as qualifying for the world wide games. There are several levels ranging from kids to over 35. My efforts are with the Open team, which has no age limits and is the centerpiece of the games.
This is a unique challenge. Because of the dates of the Games, late December – early January, we are not able to use professional players since most of them are playing in their seasons. Even those pros who are between jobs are not candidates because of the possibility that they could sign contracts with pro teams between now and the competition and won’t be available to us. The challenge is to find players that are good enough to compete for the Gold, yet will be available for the Games.
The challenge in not just to find the players, but to mold them into a cohesive unit, offensively and defensively, and be competitive enough to challenge for a Gold Medal. We will have 3 mini-camps and a 4 day training camp before we leave for Brazil.
This is our first mini-camp. We have brought in 25 players with the object of picking 12 for the team and probably 3 alternates. Most of these players have been out of school for a couple of years. Some passed up the prospect of professional play to start their careers. Some have gone on to professional or graduate school.
It is quite an array of players, ranging from Div. I players from schools like Cal, Nevada, Syracuse and Binghamton to players from the Div III NCAA Champion Washington University. Just as impressive is the success that they are attaining off the court at such young ages. There are business consultants, law school students, marketing directors and even a post player that works for the U. S. Department of Justice.
The camp consists of opportunities for us to get to know one another, some skill development, and quite a bit of scrimmaging to evaluate the players. They are 2 long days. On Saturday, we are in the gym at 8:30 AM. We work until 12:30 and then a break for lunch. We have drilled and played, got up a lot of shots and seen a little competition. Back on the court at 2, the afternoon is reserved mostly for play. We go multiple 10 minute scrimmages. At the end, we start to impart some offensive philosophy under the guise of 3-man shooting drills. We are out of the gym at 6.
Starting at 9 AM, Sunday is more of the same, except we warm up with different 3-man shooting drills. We are trying to get a feel for what players are comfortable with. Then, we run a few 20 minute scrimmages using the movements we installed during the shooting drills. We break for lunch at noon. At 1:30 we are back on the floor for a full 40 minute game. We finish at about 4 pm, tired but also satisfied.
The thing that struck me the most was how appreciative the players were for this opportunity to compete at a high level again. Most of these guys were prepared to move on in their lives and did not anticipate that an opportunity like this would come along. It is a refreshing change from the pampered, demanding and entitled players I usually work with.
Over the next couple of weeks, the staff will talk to try to determine the most likely players for the team and to prepare for the next mini-camp in September.
Once the team is chosen, I think the playing system will be the personification of simplicity. I am a very simple coach anyway. I believe in teaching concepts and allowing the players to figure it out.
I rode with a workout with one of the coaches of one of the younger teams. He was telling me all the things that he was prepared to install, zone offenses, man offenses, man defenses, zone defenses, pressures, etc. I asked him how long he had to practice with his kids. He told me probably a week to 10 days. I can’t believe he expects to do all that in a short period of time. I know I can’t, but we will see how it works.
These were 2 grueling days. It is hard to believe it has been 2 months since we saw them in the last mini-camp.
We had cut down the team from the previous 25 down to 15, of which 14 were present. One player has signed a professional contract with the provision he be granted leave to participate in the Games. We had 2 new players to look at. One was a member of 2 national championship teams who could not make it to the first camp, due to his responsibilities in the White House (yes, THAT White House). The other just finished his college career and was unavailable in the first camp due to his recovery from knee surgery.
If the first camp was for evaluation and getting to know one another, than this camp was for real basketball issues. We had to provide a framework for offense and defense that was simple enough to implement in a weekend and be able to be retained, but have to be effective enough to allow us to challenge for the Gold Medal in Brazil.
Because of my coaching style, I did not believe that was a tough task. My coaching is conceptual and I allow the players to interpret the game for themselves and because I am working with 2 of the most generous people I have ever been involved with, they indulged me. In coaching discussions with the other coaches, we agreed that trying to implement a system that revolved around a series of cuts with precise timing was not going to be an option. First, I think that is always going to be too complex. In our situation of extremely limited practice time and long periods where we won’t practice would make that not only too difficult to play with, but would be counter-productive.
To that end, offensively we are really simple (is there any other way?). We have 2 basic frameworks, pass and screen away and a UCLA entry. We have 3 basic rules: create space, recognize your teammates’ strengths and weaknesses, share the ball. That is all we do.
Defensively, we similarly put in a few simple rules: everybody ball side, shrink the court by not allowing ball reversal, if the ball goes in the lane do what is necessary to get it out. We have 3 defenses: straight man-to-man, switch like players, switch everything. There are some things inside of that such as how we play screens, etc. but those are things we can even adjust in a game.
These were long days. We practiced from 9 to noon and then again from 1:00 to 4:00. In practice, we did a little breakdown, but it was mostly whole work. We didn’t have time for much of anything else. That suited me just fine. I started out my career as a big-time breakdown coach but I now find that working 4-on-4 and 5-on-5 to be much more effective. The morning was reserved for our plan. A lot of 5-on-5 and what I term “time and score” scrimmages. In the afternoon we played an 8 period game against a local player agency team of aspiring pro players.
The scrimmage was played in multiple 12 minute periods. Offensively, I though we played surprisingly well. The players followed the 3 simple rules and looked like they had played together for years. However, because in reality they had not nor had they had competitive play for a while, shots did not fall. In addition, we had not addressed defense, and it showed. As the periods went on, shots started to fall and we actually played pretty well, considering the competition and the situation.
Sunday morning, we addressed the defense. Simple rules, no layups; shrink the court; get the ball out of the post. Not real difficult or confusing. We also tried to address some offensive deficiencies from the day before. I am not sure that was wise.
In the afternoon, we took on the Beltway Bombers. They are a team in the Premier Basketball League (PBL), a minor league located primarily in the northeastern U. S. In addition, they are trying to position themselves to where, if the NBA decides to expand the NBADL, they would be considered as a franchise. While they didn’t bring everyone on their roster, they still had very good, athletic professional players.
Again, we played multiple 12 minute periods. In the first period they really blitzed us. Again we played no defense and the smoothness of the offense from the day before was missing. I suspect that we were over coaching on offense. At the end of the first period, we reminded both our staff and players that we would leave them alone on offense, but the difference in every game would be on defense. And what a difference. We stopped worrying about right and wrong on offense, followed the 3 simple rules on defense. Confidence rose and every period was a war. They won a few periods, we won a few. At the end of the day, we had a glimpse of how good we can be.
In the end, I am more convinced than ever that the simpler the better. It is better to under-coach than over-coach. If you have players and create a team atmosphere, they will figure it out.
I cannot believe what these players have accomplished in such a short period of time. I can’t believe it is going to be 2 months before we see them again. Our next mini-camp is Nov. 11. Then a month before we have a training camp and then go to Brazil.
It should be interesting.
This was our last mini-camp before the Pan-American Games in Brazil.
We were lucky that Nov. 11 was a holiday and we were able to get most of the players in on Friday in enough time to practice. My trip was certainly eventful. I was at the airport at 7:30 am, to go from Miami to Atlanta and then to New Jersey. Once in Atlanta, we had a delay of 2 hours for a maintenance issue. They put us on the plane, closed the door, and then let us know we were going to sit there for an indeterminate period of time. It was an inconvenience but I was happy to have made the trip, no matter what the issues.
This is a really unique situation and I can’t believe it had been 2 months since we’ve been in a practice. We used Friday night to review and to add some zone offense structure. The players have done a great job of retaining what we have previously worked on and staying in shape. The simplicity of the system we are running and the unselfishness of the players made it easy to recapture what we had left behind and move ahead.
We made a decision to play games the rest of the weekend. We needed to find out the competitive nature of the players and how they react in actual competition. On Saturday, we played at Columbia University and took on their developmental team. The team is made up of varsity players that are not seeing much game time and underclassmen that they can project as a contributor in a Div. I game at some time in the future. On the whole, they were pretty good players. We started the game down 16-3. It was not unexpected. They are playing at home, practicing every day and had opened up their season the previous week. We have guys who flew in from all over the country, spend their lives going to law schools, financial firms and marketing companies. After refocusing, guys really started to play. We let the players put emphasis on offense, as coaches, we focused on defense. Once we started to play defense, the game came back to us. We went in the locker room down 4.
The second half was a knock down drag out affair. Mostly, the teams were 4-6 points apart. At one point, Columbia went up 13 but a quick spurt got it back down to 4. In a nutshell, the game was decided this way: score was 68-67 in favor of Columbia; Columbia ball; shot clock at 3; and a 3-point shot from the top that banked off the backboard and went in. After all the basketball plays we were able to overcome, we were not able to overcome a shot that has a limited chance to win a game of H-O-R-S-E. What can you do? We wanted a test to see how our guys would do. We got tested and they did pretty well.
After the game, we evaluated our performance and most of the discussion centered around getting off to a better start. In the tournament, if you start the first game down 16-3, the whole tournament could be over. We felt that the bad start was situational. Travel, lack of practice time, uncertainty all figured in to a lack of assertiveness on the court. The feeling was, because we played on Saturday, we should play better on Sunday.
On Sunday morning we played a team from the Atlantic Basketball League. It is a semi-pro team made up of players hoping to get noticed and go on to a pro basketball career. They weren’t especially big but they were very talented and very athletic. Any questions we had leaving Saturday’s game, were answered early on Sunday. We made shots, defended the basket and the ball, made game adjustments quickly. We played 5 periods, won 4 of them and lost the 5th by 1 point.
All in all, it was another productive weekend. We all felt we left in a pretty good place. I continue to admire the commitment, professionalism and character of the people in this program. So far it has been one of the most rewarding experiences of my coaching life.
The next time we see each other will be a couple of days before we leave for Brazil. Then we have nothing else to do except represent the good old US of A.
After 3 mini-camps in 5 months, training camp in finally here. It is a short camp with 3 workouts, mostly to review and fine tune what we had previously done. We knew when we started, we would have limited time before we left. That fact was a major contributor in our decision to keep everything that we do simple and emphasize defense. In doing that, we felt that there would be a greater carry over from our other mini-camps into the tournament.
We met on Thursday night and used the opportunity to remind everyone why we were there. It really wasn’t necessary as the group we have is very focused and goal oriented. They were all anxious to get on the court and get going. In addition, we had 2 players get hurt at our previous mini-camp and we needed to test the state of their recovery.
Friday morning was spent sharpening what we had. Any scrimmaging that we did was done as a time and score scrimmage. We felt, more than plays or anything else, managing the game is more of a determinant in deciding games than any other factor. A “Time and Score” scrimmage helps teach game management.
Friday afternoon’s session was devoted to defensive adjustments and more “Time and Score” scrimmages. We left at the end of the day feeling pretty good about the things that we needed for the tournament. The players stayed in good condition, they retained all the things we had worked on and we felt we were in pretty good shape.
On Saturday morning, we had a walk-through practice. Dry runs, at high intensity, of everything that we had. And a mountain of shots. We didn’t want to leave the gym without feeling that we had taken enough shots.
After the workout, we left for the airport for our 10 hour trip to Sao Paulo Brazil.
First of all don’t let anyone tell you that sitting on an airplane for 10 hours is not uncomfortable. On Saturday, we loaded the airplane in New York at about 7:30 PM EST. We arrived at our hotel at about 11:30 AM, Sao Paulo time, which is 3 hours ahead of EST (8:30 AM EST).
We checked into our rooms, tried to grab a bite to eat before we had to go to organizational meeting and get a tour of the facilities.
We were smart enough to bring balls, because when we got to the basketball venue, there was no one there. So we stepped out on the court and had an hour shooting practice. After the workout, we boarded the bus to go back to the hotel for some much needed rest.
On this day, we had practice at 9:30 AM in New Jersey, took a 10 hour flight to Brazil, attended meeting and practiced before we finally hit were able to get some rest at 10:30 PM. That is a pretty full day — or two. Our first game was Monday at 10:30 AM.
Our first contest was against Canada. Canada was a tough, physical team. We were just as concerned about our guys being awake, no less in a mind to play. As expected, we came out really slow and sluggish. We missed our first 7 shots while Canada ran up and down the floor and burst quickly to a 9 point lead.
We made several subs early in the 1st half. We wanted as many players to feel the court early in the game as we could. We thought that each time a player touched the floor and came out of the game, the better mentally he would be when he returned into the game.
Our feeling was correct. Once we got guys back into the game, their play improved by the minute. We came back to tie at the half.
We took control of the game at the start of the second half. We started to make shots and get the ball inside. More importantly, we turned it up on defense.
We went up 10 and maintained the lead for most of the 2nd half. We had a short period when based on poor offensive decision making on our part that allowed the Canadians back in the game. But once we took a deep breath, we took control again and played well down the stretch.
Final score: TEAM USA 72, CANADA 62.
Tomorrow, we have Israel at 5 PM
We took control of the Israeli game right from the outset. We were bigger and stronger which allowed us to get into a transition game. Once in the transition game, our superior depth takes a major toll on the Israelis.
There were a couple of things that we felt we needed to improve on from our previous performance. We felt that it was a necessity to improve defending ball screens. We felt that we allowed ball handlers to access the screen too easily which not only allowed the ball handler too much freedom, but also allowed the screener to roll too easily to the basket. The second thing we had to defend better was penetration. A big part of international play is to penetrate the ball, wait for the defense to converge and then kick it out to a shooter. We had to do a better job of not allowing the ball to get into really dangerous places. Against Israel, we did both.
We got great performance from everyone. Our two leading scorers came off the bench. Two out of the three top rebounders came off the bench. This was a great team performance. We will need more if we hope to win the Gold Medal.
Final score: TEAM USA 82, ISRAEL 44
Next game is against the host team, Brazil.
Two words can be used in describing our contest against Brazil: GREAT GAME
The Brazilians are big, strong and very well coached with two great shooters running the team. They have good depth and their players are well-skilled. The game started a little unevenly as both teams were missing shots, but the character of the game was revealed. It was going to be a very physical, guard controlled game. We had trouble early with the physical nature of the game as it forced us to miss a number of easy shots and layups due to contact or the expectation of contact. It was extremely frustrating as Brazil ran out to an 8 point lead. It would have been easy for us to fold our tents.
But, we didn’t. Our answer came on the defensive end. Our good defense provided us with a spark that gave us easy baskets. We turned a 24 – 16 deficit into a 31-27 lead at the half.
We came out well in the second half. We spurted to an 8 point lead. Then their physical play started to take its toll. Our shots started to fall short, we could not get any inside points and started to turn the ball over. Next thing we knew we were down 6 and heading into the 4th quarter. Once again, defense was the answer. Forcing turnovers and getting break out layups, we came back to go up 2. They answered by making 3s from long range. We were down 2 with 2:20 to go when we hit a 3 to take the lead by 1. They answer with a 3 to go up 2 with under a minute to go.
As the clock ran down, we get fouled on penetration, two shots. Calmly making the 2 foul shots, we dug in on defense. Forcing a turnover, we bring the ball up the court and in a scramble after a shot, the ball goes out of bounds under the basket.
1.6 seconds to go. Our ball, under the basket. Score tied, 69-69. Click here to see what happened.
Next game vs. Mexico
There really is not much to report here. We played an undermanned team from Mexico, whose 2 best players were hurt and, through a scheduling quirk, was playing their 2nd game of the day.
We were superior in all aspects of the game and had much more size and strength than the Mexicans and we played like it. In the first 5 minutes of the game, we jumped to a 22 point lead and coasted. We got excellent performances out of everyone as the lead swelled to 35 points where it remained for most of the game.
We now get a couple of days off before moving on as the top seed in the medal round.
The semi-final game vs Israel was a tough, tense fast paced, physical game. We had beaten them in round-robin play pretty badly. But, they were coming off a 27 hour trip to Brazil and were very fatigued. We expected and got a very different game this time.
The Israelis came out shooting. From long range. Penetrate and kick, which is typically European, is a big part of their game. We were pretty well prepared for it, however they kept moving further and further back for their shots and they fell like rain drops. They took a 6 point lead in the first quarter, but we hung in there. We stiffened on defense which produced some easy breakout points and we went to the quarter with a 1 point lead. However, as an omen of things to come, we had given up almost as many points in the first quarter as we had in the first game.
The game became a game of runs. In the second quarter, we ran out to a 9 point lead, they would run back and knock it back to 1. We would extend back to 8, then commit some foolish turnovers and they would come back to tie. We made a couple of baskets at the end of the half, including a full court pass for a layup to take a 6 point lead at the half.
Again at the start of the 3rd quarter, we extended the lead and again they came back to within 1. Their shooting was phenomenal. We did not take good care of the ball. As a combination of the two, we just couldn’t take them out.
As we went into the 4th quarter, nothing would change. We would extend, they would come back. We never let them take the lead but we were never able to take them out, either. With the game at 3 points and about 3 minutes left in the game, we made a critical change. We decided to keep the ball away from their point guard. We waited until then so they would not be able to an adjustment. Their scoring stopped. We made a couple of baskets and 4 foul shots coming down the stretch and finally came away with a 10 point win.
Final Score Team USA 96, Israel 86
The big game is tomorrow when we take on Canada for the Gold Medal.
To win the Gold Medal we were going to have to go through Canada. The Canadians are a team that rose from the dead. We played them in a tough, physical game in the opener of the tournament where they had the lead for much of the game before we extended to a win in the 4th quarter. They lost their next game to Israel. Then, they blew through the rest of their schedule, including beating Brazil, who we thought was the best team in the tournament, twice. They won a tough fought game against Brazil in the semi-finals.
We prepared to play a physical game against a team that was well coach and executed their offense flawlessly. During this entire process, we felt that it was going to be defense that was going to make the difference in the tournament and we knew we were going to need it now.
The game started with a little give and take. We hit a two, they hit a three, we made some foul shots, they made a couple of shots. With the score 9-6, our way, we hit a three and then the defense dug in. We had 8 straight possessions where we either forced a turnover or a miss that we converted to points on the other end. We strung 4 straight shot together, made foul shots, dominated the offensive glass. The next time I looked at the score we were up 19. The lead blew up to 25 and we went into halftime up 19.
In coaching, there is an axiom that games are won and lost in 15 minutes, the last 5 minutes of the first half, the first 5 minutes of the second half and the last 5 minutes of the game. We controlled the last 5 of the first half. We wanted to make the last 5 minutes irrelevant. So, we were focused on the first 5 minutes of the second half to decide the game.
Canada made the first shot and then we went on our best run of the tournament. Forcing turnovers that ignited our running game, we took greater control of the game and saw the lead explode to a high of 33 points. Everyone in uniform contributed to building the lead.
The rest of the game was academic. The Canadians continued to play hard and the final score of 87-70 was not indicative of how much we really controlled the game.
In the end, Team USA had the Gold Medal hanging around our necks. There is no way that I can describe that can relay the feel of pride that we had, standing on the podium with U-S-A on our chest and listening to the National Anthem with Gold Medals hanging around our necks. It has been an experience like no other.
For more information on Don Kelbick, visit www.DonKelbickBasketball.com
By Don Kelbick
The Drillz and Skillz/Breakthrough Basketball “Attack and Counter” Skills Clinic held in Libertyville, Il (40 minutes outside of Chicago) is history and was a great success.
Held in the Libertyville Athletic Complex, the clinic welcomed 60 players and at least 2 dozen coaches for the weekend clinic. The Libertyville Athletic Complex is an unbelievable facility. Indoors it houses a fitness center, boxing center, 2 soccer fields, multiple volleyball courts and too many basketball courts to count. We used 12 baskets to work out 60 players.
Friday we started with footwork and looked at it from several different angles. A good 3 hour evening workout that introduced the footwork and the mentality that have worked so well in improving players. The rest of the weekend was spent applying that footwork and mentality to basketball situations.
On Saturday, we worked on shooting, coming off screens and ball screens. Sunday was the day for post drills, fast break drills, ball handling and a few games of 1 on 1. All in all players took between 800-1000 shots for the weekend.
The players were extremely hard workers and were great to work with. Players continue to amaze me. When they give themselves to you, it is incredible how quickly they improve.
Not lost in the shuffle were the coaches. Many of them came to watch but when I invited them to come on the court and help out, many of them did so. The weekend could not have been a success without them.
I am looking forward to the next clinic.
For more information on Don Kelbick, go to www.DonKelbickBasketball.com
Now we’re on Facebook
By Jeff Haefner
I believe there are two things all basketball offenses should do, no matter what type of defense you face, or what your players’ strengths might be. And I think too many coaches get away from this…
First, I believe you should always try to get the ball inside against ALL types of zone and man defenses — even if you have NO players that can score in the post area.
Quite often I see coaches stop emphasizing inside touches when they face certain types of zones (like a 1-3-1 trap) or if they have players on the floor that are not good at scoring in the post.
I believe this is a mistake for a long list of reasons.
A good defense will try to take you out of your game and get you to do things that you don’t want to do. For example, a good 1-3-1 zone trap can fluster your team and take them out of their offensive flow. Many times these defenses will get your team to stop going inside and getting the ball near the basket.
The last thing you want is the defense to take control. YOU want to dictate the situation. And if you want to score lots of points, you need to get the ball as close to the basket as possible.
As a defensive minded coach, my philosophy is simple. I want to keep the ball as FAR FROM THE BASKET as possible. This includes stopping dribble penetration and getting the ball deep in the post. It doesn’t matter how the ball gets there. From a defensive perspective, I want the ball to always stay as far from the basket as possible.
I know that when the ball gets close to the basket, the odds of a made basket or a foul is much higher. I also know that when the ball goes inside, my defense breaks down and it’s more susceptible.
This is why I believe all offenses should try to get the ball inside, drill the concept, and emphasize it.
If you have small players that can’t score in the post, you should still try to get the ball near the basket and threaten the defense. You can get the ball close to the basket with dribble penetration, cuts, screens, or have your players post up. If the player is not good in the post area, they don’t have to score often (maybe never). They just need to be a threat and get the ball down there.
Then you can attack the defense from the inside out. Even against a zone defense you attack from inside out.
If your players are not good at taking care of the ball when it’s down low, then you need to practice it (whether the penetration comes from the dribble, cut, pass, or post up).
Once the ball is inside, all the defenders have to turn their head, adjust, and rotate. From there you can kick the ball out for an outside shot, reverse the ball, and just play basketball. By getting the ball inside you force the defense to rotate and move. This creates seams and opportunities for you.
If you just swing the ball and keep the ball outside all the time, you are an easier team to play against. Defensive rotations are easier and it’s easy to take things away from you.
Find ways to get the ball inside, practice those situations, and you’ll have better offense – whether you’re facing zone or man defense.
The second thing I think all offenses should do is reverse the ball. Again, this comes from me being a defensive minded coach.
The hardest things to guard are teams that are good at getting the ball inside and reversing the ball. It is very hard to guard a team that does that well. This makes my defense susceptible to openings, missed rotations, out of position help, and so on. I just don’t like it. I want to keep all teams from getting the ball inside and reversing it because I know how difficult that is to guard.
Does your team do a good job of reversing the ball in every game you play? Does your team do a good job of getting the ball inside in every game you play?
I personally think too many coaches make the mistake of conceding the post up and inside touches because they have small players that can’t score inside.
Let me know what your thoughts are.
By Joe Haefner
Take a look at our new article: 3 Simple Strategies to Attack a Zone Defense
By Joe Haefner
Check out this new article & video to learn more about implementing screens into your offense and why Bobby Knight dislikes down screens: http://www.breakthroughbasketball.com/coaching/bobbyknight-downscreens.html
By Don Kelbick
I will be coaching a 5th grade boys team this season and looking to teach the kids motion (still haven’t decided between 3-2 and 4-1). I like the drills included in this document but was surprised that the following items were not covered more thoroughly:
- Timing of starting the offense, especially when defensive pressure starts at half court. Would like more insights into how the other four non-ballhandlers should react to half-court pressure, goal to not have first pass above the free throw line extended.
- More options related to starting positions on floor to start a motion offense. For example, in a 3-2 motion set…options such as double stack, wings cross, post start out on wing and post down for wings on low block, etc. In a 4-1 motion set, more details on how the “1″ should move to different areas.
- Advice on varying this start configuration?
Those are interesting questions and not uncommon. Something to keep in mind, a motion offense is creative and free formed. Your players have to interpret and be allowed to play and figure it out for themselves. You have to remember that the coach has very little control over what happens on the court. If you can live with that, and many coaches can’t, then the motion is a good offense for you.
In regard to 5th graders, I believe that translates to 10 and 11-year-olds, I think it is the only offense to run. Trying to bog down kids of that age with basketball plays is counter-productive. I believe that kids of this age should be taught skills and how to play, not plays.
TIMING & ENTRY PASSES
Timing for 5th graders is an oxymoron. I do not believe that kids of that age are developed enough, either physiologically or skill-wise to really worry about timing. Should it be discussed? Sure. But to expect a 10 or 11-year-old to understand and perform proper timing in the course of a game is not realistic.
Making the first pass below the foul line is a good guideline, but that is more dependent upon the skills of your ball-handlers, rather than your receivers. This is true even at higher levels. Can they control the ball well enough against defense to be able to penetrate deep enough to make the pass? Are they skilled and strong enough to execute the necessary passes? I can’t make those judgments without seeing them play. On the whole, kids of that age really are not.
Possibly, you can create a situation where the entry pass is made higher and your second pass goes below the foul line. Enter to the high post at the top of the key and allow him to enter to the wing. Allow the wing to catch high and dribble down below the wing. There are unlimited things you can do with a little imagination.
You can start however you and your players feel comfortable. I would spend more time trying to get them to understand spacing (Admittedly difficult at that age) than worry about starting positions. All of those things you mentioned are great entries. Teach the concepts and what they present and then allow them to play. Correct their spacing and movement, not their sets.
In addition, for the kid of that age, I think the only offense to play would be a 5-out motion. I doubt that you have kids with enough specialized skill to play someone down in the post. You might have someone who is taller than everyone else but that does not mean he should play in the post. When coaching kids of this age, your primary purpose should be development. Taking a kid who is taller than everyone else and sticking him in the lane is unfair to that kid. By doing that, he will never develop the skills he needs to play the game.
Also, looking for specific details on how a particular player should move is not in the philosophy of a motion offense. Motion offense is about freedom. Not only do the players have freedom to move, but you, as a coach, have the freedom to teach what you feel is most important for the player and your team. Just because I want a player to do certain things does not mean that is what you should do. I encourage you to be creative when teaching what players should do. The only rules are the ones that you make. Do with them what you feel is best. Trial and error is the best way to learn anything, especially basketball.
My only advice is to keep it simple. Kids have trouble remembering each other’s names, no less multiple entries.
By Joe Haefner
When Don Kelbick was recently in Austria for training players, he worked with a coach who used the Triangle Offense. When Don got back, he diagrammed and wrote down everything about the Triangle Offense that he could remember.
Read more about the Triangle Offense used by Phil Jackson and the Los Angeles Lakers.
By Don Kelbick
Your site is great and I’ve learned a lot from the motion ebook. Thanks.
I coach 5th grade boys and we’re 0-5. We started using the motion after the first game. The offense is still a mess, but we occasionally get a give and go for a layup that looks kinda like basketball. So while I’m extremely frustrated, I have to admit that we’re improving and the boys haven’t quit.
My only rule now is to basket cut after a pass if the point can’t pass to the wing. However, he just starts dribbling and turns it over. If the point does make the pass and the wing can’t pass it back to the point, he just starts dribbling and he turns it over. The result is usually a fast break for the other guys.
I’m looking for another rule and would specifically like to get the post guys involved in the offense. The rules I’ve seen all seem to be geared to the guards. Any rules for the post guys?
Also, do you have any thoughts on a set? We start in a 1-2-2 now, but that leaves a lot of real estate for the guards to cover against pressure and also seems to clog the lane if the give and go does work. I’m thinking of moving to a 1-3-1 and having the low post move to the weak side after a pass.
The answers to your problems are child development issues not basketball issues. I would recommend that you find a couple more rules, such as what do you do if you can’t pass to the cutter and what do you do if you are the next receiver and can’t get the ball, but I think you may be missing the big picture.
You say to yourself, “some plays look like basketball,” and “the team is improving,” and the “kids are still playing hard,” and that is a result of coaching. You getting frustrated is the result of the score. I wonder how much of what the other teams do “Look like basketball,” or is it just kids on the other teams being able to do a couple of things individually. To stop that, work on defense and the game will even out. Also, in 5th grade, they shouldn’t post players, all the players should just be learning how to play.
The reason that the kids dribble and get it stolen is more a development issue than anything else. How good of a ballhandler can a 5th grader be? It has more to do with the way they perceive the world. Spacing, timing, speed, etc. are all things in life they need more experience at. There is a reason why young kids shouldn’t cross the street by themselves, because they don’t have enough life experience to determine how far away a car is, what speed it is traveling and how long it will take to get there. It is worse on a basketball court because it is all new experience and there is nothing in real life they can draw on.
If the kid is going to dribble, at least tell him where to go and forget about the offense. If you are going to put the ball on the floor, take a lay-up.